Henry Every was a pirate's pirate. He became a legend in his time, earning the nickname The Arch-Pirate because of the vast wealth he accumulated plundering the ships of the Great Mogul of India in the Red Sea. His legend grew because he was never caught.

A former midshipman with the British Royal Navy, Every was a middle-aged mate aboard the privateer Charles II in 1694, when he led a mutiny against a drunken captain and took over. He renamed the 46-gun ship Fancy, hoisted a new flag, and sailed for the Indian Ocean, where he boarded and plundered every vessel in sight for the next two years, spreading his villainous reputation across the seas.

When the Fancy and its 130-man crew finally arrived at the mouth of the Red Sea, Every joined up with five other pirate ships, one of which belonged to Thomas Tew. He took command of this six-ship pirate fleet and led an attack on two treasure ships that lagged far behind a 25-ship convoy heading toward India. One of the ships was the Great Moguls flagship, Gang-i-Sawai, and the other was its escort, the Fateh Mohamed. Every gave chase and then battled, boarded, and looted the smaller prize of more than 50,000 pounds worth of gold and silver. He then set sail after the fleeing Gang-i-Sawai, which carried 62 guns, 500 turban-clad Indian soldiers, 600 passengers, a cargo of 500,000 gold and silver pieces, a rare saddle set with rubies intended as a present for the Great Mogul, and high-ranking officials of the Moguls court.

Following a brutal two-hour battle, Every's pirate crew ravaged the ship and savaged the passengers, absconding with a plunder that amounted to 1,000 pounds each crewman, plus a large quantity of gems and jewels.

The Fancy sailed for the Bahamas with a hold filled with exotic treasures. On the island of New Providence, Governor Nicholas Trott welcomed the pirate crew with open arms and the pirate captain responded with armfuls of gifts including elephant tusks and the pirate ship itself. Every's crew disbanded for parts unknown. Several were eventually caught after exotic spending sprees and executed for their piracy crimes. But the Arch-Pirate disappeared without a trace.

The capture of the Gang-i-Sawai caused such a furor in the Great Moguls court that officers of the British East India Company were thrown into prison in India and tortured until London officials took drastic action against the barbarian cutthroats.

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Did you know?

  • Pirates thought that having women on board their ship was bad luck.  It's why pirate femmes like Mary Read initially lived a life of piracy as men!

  • Most pirates stole their ships because they couldn't afford them.  Once they'd capture a ship, they'd convert it for pirate life by making more room for sailor living quarters and strengthening the decks to hold heavy cannons.

  • The difference between a pirate and a privateer is that privateers are sanctioned by respective governments and they don't attack ships from their own country. Pirates harass anyone passing by.

  • A galleon ship was armed to the teeth. It typically carried 74 guns, 36 of which were mounted on either side of the ship. The two guns were mounted aft.


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